Best Types Of Solar System In India | Everything You Need To Know

Planning to install the solar system but do not know which one is the best types of solar system? Then let me help you regarding this. As we all know that solar system is a clean, renewable and sustainable energy source. It has been widely used in many industries and areas because of its low costs, ease of installation, no pollution, and minimal maintenance. The solar system is the new modern technology to produce electricity at your place. The solar system is made up of various components which are solar panels, solar inverter, solar battery, solar charge controller, ACDB/DCDB, and other solar products. The solar system produces free electricity.

This solar system also helps in reducing the carbon footprint in the environment and also helps in saving your electricity bills. There are mainly three types of the solar system which are available in the market and these are a. On-Grid Solar System, b. off-grid solar system, c.hybrid solar system. The solar system first captures the solar energy and then converts this energy into DC energy which is used to run the applications.

If you have the solar batteries attached to them then it also helps in storing the energy for future purposes. So if you are wondering that is it worth investing your capital in this solar system. Then go through the articles as it contains the definition of the solar system, mechanism of the solar system, types of the solar system, and more. And after that then decide whether it’s worth it or not.

What Is Solar Energy?

Solar Energy Definition
Solar Energy Definition

Solar energy generates renewable or ‘green’ power by harnessing the sun’s light and heat. Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic cells, are the most common way to harness solar energy. They’re stacked almost edge-to-edge in solar power facilities to capture sunlight in broad fields. You’ll occasionally see them on top of houses and other structures. Semiconductor materials are used to make the cells. The sun’s rays free electrons from their atoms when they strike the cells. This permits electrons to flow freely across the cell, resulting in the generation of electricity.

Solar collectors can generate power for thousands of people at once on a much larger scale. Solar-thermal power plants employ a variety of methods to generate electricity from the sun. The sun’s energy is used to boil water, which then powers a steam turbine, which generates electricity in a similar way to coal or nuclear power plants.

Future Growth Of The Solar Energy In India

India has a large amount of solar energy, according to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. India generates about 5000 trillion kWh of energy per year, with the majority of the country receiving 4-7 KWH per square meter each day. In India, around 8811 MW of solar capacity was added from January to September 2021. According to JMK Research, capacity is at 280 percent and 101 percent, respectively, which is significantly more than the previous year. According to a new estimate released by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), India’s installed capacity would reach 101.53 GW by September 2021. Solar energy accounts for around 46% of the overall segmentation.

The National Institute of Solar Energy estimated the country’s solar potential to be around 748 GW, providing solar PV modules cover 3% of the wasted area. The National Solar Mission is one of the primary missions in India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change, which places solar energy at the center. On January 11th, 2010, the National Solar Mission (NSM) was launched. By 2022, the Mission hopes to have installed 100 GW of grid-connected solar power plants. This is in accordance with India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) goal of achieving roughly 40% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030, and reducing its GDP emission intensity by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 levels.

The Government of India has launched various schemes to encourage the generation of solar power in the country, such as the Solar Park Scheme, VGF Schemes, CPSU Schemes, Defence Scheme, Canal bank and Canal top Scheme, Bundling Scheme, Grid Connected Solar Rooftop Scheme, and so on, in order to achieve the above target. A declaration of trajectory for Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) including Solar, Waiver of Inter-State Transmission System (ISTS) charges, and losses for inter-state selling of solar and wind electricity for projects to be commissioned up to March 2022 were among the policies implemented.

India has surpassed Italy to become the world’s fifth-largest solar power deployment country.  Solar power capacity has increased by more than 11 times in the last five years from 2.6 GW in March 2014 to 30 GW in July 2019. Presently, solar tariff in India is very competitive and has achieved grid parity. 

What Is The Solar System?

Solar System Definition
Solar System Definition

The solar system is a device that produces electricity by using solar power. The solar system is designed with solar panels, batteries, inverter, mounting structure, ACDB/DCDB, and some other fixtures like wires and nuts to maintain the solar system. The solar panels captured the solar energy and then this energy is transferred into electricity and further, the DC energy is converted into AC energy with the help of the solar inverter. The solar battery which is attached to the solar system stirred extra solar power and the solar mounting structure clasp the solar panels in the right place.

How Does The Solar System Works?

How Does The Solar System Works?
How Does The Solar System Works?

Now let’s have a look at how the solar system actually works. They are mainly working on the process of the photovoltaic effect. At first, the solar panels which are present in the solar system capture the solar energy, and when this energy is transferred into the DC electricity. If you have an application that is run by AC energy then the DC energy is of no use. So for this, you have to place the solar inverter which helps in changing the DC energy into usable AC energy.

And if you have a solar battery then you dont have to worry about the power cuts as the solar batteries store the solar energy which helps in enlighting the house in the time of power cuts or this energy is also used when the solar panels cannot able to work properly in the bad weather. 

Types Of Solar System For Home

Installing the solar system is not an easy task as people often get confused as there are lots of solar systems on the rooftop. Some of the solar systems have a solar battery while others do not have one. What are the types of solar system for homes? Now let’s have a detailed view of the solar system. 

On-Grid Solar System

On-Grid Solar System
On-Grid Solar System

An on-grid solar system is a grid-tied solar system is solar system that is made up of solar panels and a solar inverter. As it is run by the utility grid so it does not need any kind of solar batteries. They can be installed easily as they do not have any complex wiring and also there are very cost-effective. The main drawback of this system is that if the utility goes down then the whole system shuts down. 

Features Of The On-Grid Solar System

There are many features of an on-grid solar system that you should be aware of. 

  1. The first feature is that an on-grid solar system uses no external power sources such as generators or batteries. This means that the system is completely self-sufficient and can run without any outside interference. 
  2. Another important feature of an on-grid solar system is that it is highly flexible. This means that you can use it to power your home or business at any time of the day or night, regardless of the weather conditions. 
  3. Last but not least, an on-grid solar system is cost-effective. This means that it will save you money in the long run compared to using other forms of energy such as electricity from a utility company.

Components of the on-grid solar system

The grid-connected or on-grid solar system uses solar panels to create solar energy during the day, which is then converted into electricity to power solar items in your home. Let’s have a look at the components of an Indian on-grid solar system. Let’s do it.

Solar Panels: In an on-grid solar system, the solar panel is the most important component. This solar panel assists in the conversion of solar energy to electricity.

Solar Inverter: The solar inverter is another crucial component of a solar system, as it converts DC energy into usable AC electricity.

Solar Panel Mounting Structure: The core part of the entire solar system is the solar panel mounting structure. The solar panel will be supported by this solar mounting framework, which is constructed of aluminum or galvanized iron and is rust-free.

Solar Wire: A solar wire, also known as a solar cable, is a device that aids in the transfer of power from the solar panel to the inverter.

Application Of The On-Grid Solar System

On-grid solar systems can help businesses meet their daily needs while also generating revenue from the excess electricity generated. Buildings can generate enough solar energy to operate appliances, lights, and water heating systems on bright sunny days.

Advantage Of The On-Grid Solar System

  1. Solar systems that are connected to the grid are both cost-effective and simple to set up.
  2. In roughly 3 to 8 years, businesses can return their investment by reducing their electricity expenditures. If a private, commercial, or industrial building installs a solar PV rooftop system, it will be eligible for an accelerated depreciation benefit of up to 80% in a year. At this rate, a company can depreciate the entire project’s worth in just over 4 years.
  3. The extra energy generated by the system can be used to provide a passive income for residential and commercial users.

Disadvantage Of The On-Grid Solar System

  1. The main drawback of this solar system is that it cannot able to work without the electricity grid if the electricity went off the solar system shuts down. 
  2. As it does not contain any solar battery so there is no power backup is available in the system. 

Pricing Of The On-Grid Solar System

The price of an on-grid solar system ranges from Rs.66,999 for a 1kW system to Rs.4,37,480 for a 10kW system. The cost of a solar system is determined by the transportation, installation, net metering, and other fees. Buying an on-grid solar system is a one-time investment, so think carefully before making a decision.

On-Grid Solar ModelSelling pricePrice per watt
1kw Solar SystemRs. 66,999Rs. 66.99
2kw Solar SystemRs. 90,990Rs. 45.50
3kw Solar SystemRs. 1,55,482Rs. 51.83
5kw Solar SystemRs. 2,32,264Rs. 46.45
 8kw Solar SystemRs. 3,79,649Rs. 47.45
10kw Solar SystemRs. 4,37,480Rs. 43.74

Off-Grid Solar System

Off-Grid Solar System
Off-Grid Solar System

The Off-Grid solar system is also can be called the stand-alone solar system or the battery-based solar system. It is made up of a solar panel, solar battery, and also solar inverter. It is best for those who do not have a connection to the utility grid. As the solar system has a solar battery so is why the extrasolar energy which is not used by the solar system is stored in the solar battery for later use. The off-grid solar system can be installed easily with a low budget and small capasity. 

Components Of The Off-Grid Solar System

If you want your off-grid solar system to perform properly, be sure it has all of the necessary components. Now let’s have a look at the gadgets that are necessary for the off-grid solar system to function properly.

Solar Panels: The most important instrument for turning solar energy into Direct Current energy is solar panels. Silicon photovoltaic cells are used in the majority of solar panels. Keep in mind that the amount of solar energy generated by solar panels is determined by the orientation and tilt angle of the panels, as well as the efficiency of the panels.

Solar Inverters: The majority of residential and commercial buildings employ applications and electronics that run on alternating current, which solar panels are unable to provide. This is why, in order to convert DC energy into usable AC electricity, the off-grid solar system required a solar inverter.

Solar Batteries: As the off-grid solar system is not connected to the utility grid, the solar batteries assist in storing the excess energy generated by the solar panels, which may then be used at night or when the solar panels are not functioning properly.

Solar Charge Controllers: As the off-grid solar system is powered by a solar battery, a solar charge controller is required to govern the flow of energy from the solar panels to the battery. The main benefit of the solar charge controller is that it protects the battery from overcharging and extends its shelf life.

Application Of The Off Grid Solar System In India

Electricity supply in rural and remote locations:- Off-grid solar systems can help rural and remote areas generate electricity that is independent, long-term, and sustainable.

Power backup in areas with frequent power outages:- A number of locations in India experience regular power outages due to power transmission failures, which can stymie business and government operations. Off-grid solar systems can provide a cost-effective and long-term backup solution to the challenges that arise from regular power outages.

Advantages Of The Off-Grid Solar System

  1. These self-sustaining systems are not reliant on the grid and can operate independently.
  2. They produce enough energy to store and utilize at night or when the power system is down.
  3. These are ideal for isolated locations where grid electricity is unavailable.
  4. Your electricity supply will not be affected by grid faults or shutdowns.

Disadvantage Of The Off-Grid Solar System

  1. Higher Initial Cost: Due to the additional equipment such as solar batteries, solar inverters, and solar charge controllers, the initial cost of a solar system is extremely high.
  2. Limited Solar Energy: Due to the high cost of solar batteries, a large solar battery is required to store large amounts of energy in the future. As a result, the solar energy stored in the battery of an off-grid solar system is limited.

Pricing Of The Off-Grid Solar System

Off-grid solar system installation is primarily a one-time expense. If you want to build an off-grid solar system at your house, you’ll need to know how much it costs. The cost of an off-grid solar system with installation ranges from Rs. 41,442 for a 1kW system to Rs. 7 lakh for a 10kW system. Solar system prices are determined by the system’s capacity.

Solar System ModelSelling PricePrice/Watt
1kW Solar System Price (12V)Rs.69,699Rs.69.69
1kW Solar System Price (24V)Rs.83,199Rs.83.19
2kW Solar System PriceRs.1,61,399Rs.80.69
3kW Solar System PriceRs.2,07,499Rs.69.16
5kW Solar System PriceRs.3,52,199Rs.70.43
6kW Solar System PriceRs.4,45,256Rs. 74.20
7.5kW Solar System PriceRs.5,17,999Rs. 69.07
10kW Solar System PriceRs.6,41,099Rs.64.11

Hybrid Solar System

Hybrid Solar System
Hybrid Solar System

The hybrid solar system is the combination of the grid-tied solar system and the off-grid solar system. It has the capability of both battery backup and net-metering. This system permits you to store the excess solar energy in the solar battery. And when the battery gets fully charged then the extra energy is exported to the utility grid by the process which is known as net metering. These solar systems help in running devices like lights, fans,s, and other appliances when the grid power is out It also helps in reducing the electricity bills by 100%. Though it is a little bit more expensive than the other two solar systems it is more efficient than the other two solar systems. 

Components Of Hybrid Solar System

Solar Panels: The most important component of a solar system is the solar panel. Solar panels capture solar energy and convert it to direct current (DC) electricity. The capacity of the solar system determines the solar system’s quality.

Hybrid Solar Inverter: A hybrid solar inverter is a component of a solar system because it assists in balancing the voltage that travels from the battery to the home’s appliances. This solar inverter is required for the conversion of DC to AC energy.

Solar Battery: When the solar panel fails to produce power due to inclement weather, the solar battery attached to the solar system acts as a backup for the entire system. The solar battery saves any excess energy that the system does not consume.

Advantages Of The Hybrid Solar System

  1. Continuous Power Supply: Because they have a solar battery linked to them to store excess energy, hybrid solar systems provide power continually and without interruption. This is why the battery acts as an inverter and serves as a backup for the system.
  2. Utilization of Renewable Energy: Because the solar battery is connected to the solar system, there is no wastage of the excess solar energy created by the solar panels. This means that this technology maximizes the use of renewable energy while also preserving it in case it is needed later.
  3. Low Maintenance Costs: The Hybrid solar system has a low maintenance cost, which means you won’t have to spend a lot of money on it.
  4. High Efficiency: The hybrid solar system is more efficient than commercial generators and can operate even in adverse weather conditions.

Disadvantages Of The Hybrid Solar System

  1. Although the hybrid solar system does not require much maintenance, the initial installation cost of the hybrid solar system is rather high when compared to other solar systems.
  2. Less Battery Life: Because the batteries attached to the system are regularly exposed to heat, rain, and other elements, they have very short battery life.

Pricing Of The Hybrid Solar System

The hybrid solar system is a challenging purchase to make because it is a one-time investment. As a result, you must make an informed decision before installing one. The cost of a hybrid solar system is determined by a number of factors, including the solar system’s type, features, and brand. In India, the cost of a hybrid solar system for household and business applications ranges from Rs. 1 lakh for a 1 kW solar system to Rs. 15 lakh for a 20 kW solar system.

Solar System ModelSelling pricePrice per watt
1kW Hybrid systemRs. 1,06,989Rs. 106.98
2kW Hybrid systemRs. 180055Rs. 90.02
3kW Hybrid systemRs. 2,30,967Rs. 76.98
5kW Hybrid systemRs. 3,83,990Rs. 76.79
10kW Hybrid systemRs. 7,05,226Rs. 70.52
15kW Hybrid systemRs. 10,98,286Rs. 73.21
20kW Hybrid systemRs. 15,25,785Rs. 76.28

Best Types Of Solar System For Home

The best or most appropriate form of the solar system for each user may differ depending on their intended application. Take a look at the table below to see which solar system is ideal for you.

Off-grid solar systems, according to solar experts, are excellent for residences and small offices with modest power usage. On-grid solar systems and hybrid solar systems are the greatest options if you’re installing solar for a large enterprise or industry.

Off-Grid Solar System = Savings + Backup

If you’re searching for a solar system that can offer power backup for your house or business, an off-grid solar system is an ideal option. An off-grid solar system includes a solar battery and can help you save up to 100% on your electricity bill.

On-Grid Solar System = Savings + Net-Metering

On-grid solar systems are suitable for individuals who want to minimize their high electricity bills by using net metering (export to grid). This system enables users to export unutilized electricity to the utility grid.

Hybrid Solar System = Savings + Backup + Net-Metering

Net metering and power backup are both available with a hybrid solar system. It will first run your connected load before charging the solar battery. If there is still excess electricity after charging the solar battery, you can export it to the grid.

Conclusion On The Types Of The Solar System In India

Solar energy is a clean, renewable and sustainable energy source. It has been widely used in many industries and areas because of its low costs, ease of installation, no pollution, and the possibility to convert solar energy into electricity. Every country wants to make better use of its resources and try various innovative ways.

The solar power system is growing in popularity because it can be used by individuals or companies, makes a good source of income, reduces the cost of fuel so that they no longer have expensive power bills every month. There are mainly three types of solar system which are available in the market. And these are a. on-grid or grid-tied solar system, b. off-grid or battery-based solar system, c. hybrid solar system. The on-grid solar system helps to generate electricity and the excess electricity can be fed back to the utility grid by the process of net metering.

The off-grid solar system has a solar battery which helps in storing the excess energy and is used in the future. Whereas the hybrid solar system is more beneficial than these two solar systems as it helps in storing the excess solar system at the solar batteries and then the battery is fully charged then it can feedback the electricity to the utility grid. So Before purchasing the solar system make sure that which one is perfect for you also don’t forget to compare the price of the solar system to the other companies as there are many companies out there who sell the great solar systems at a very affordable price.

Before completing this whole article we will be glad to thank you that you have gone through our article if you have any queries about this then do let us know in the comment section below.

FAQ On The Types Of Solar System In India

1. What are the types of the solar system?

There are three types of solar system in India. These are :
1. On-Grid solar system
2. Off-Grid solar system
3. Hybrid solar system

2. Is there any government subsidy on solar systems?

Yes, the government of India offers a solar system for those who want to install the solar system in their home.

3. What is the warranty period of this solar system?

The warranty period of the hybrid solar system is 5 years with 25 years warranty periods on the solar panels

4. What is the solar inverter and how does it work?

The solar inverter is the most important component of a solar power system. This is mostly used to convert DC energy to AC energy in order to power AC-powered appliances.

5. How many batteries are required in a hybrid PV solar system?

Batteries are not required in a hybrid solar system. 8 batteries are required for a 5 KW solar system, and 10 batteries are necessary for a 10 KW system.