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Solar Power | A Complete Guide About Solar Power ( 2022)
Solar Power

Solar Power: A brief Knowledge About Solar Power

India has a massive population and also it is booming in the economy which causes the shortage of energy. Though India is the world’s top power producer still it could not able to fulfill the needs of the fast-growing population. India’s source of energy is coal but it is stated that it will come to an end by the year 2050. So, now it is prime time to switch to renewable energy in order to satisfy the huge population needs. Solar energy is emerging in the Indian market as it is very eco-friendly and hence can be used as an alternative to any other energy. India wants to produce 100GW of solar energy by the year 2022.

Table Of Contents
  1. What is Solar Power?
  2. Recent Market Update Of Solar Industry
  3. Growth Of Solar Industry
  4. Recent Development Of The Solar Industries:
  5. Government Initiatives For Solar Industry
  6. 1. Photovoltaic Solar Power:
  7. 2. Solar Thermal Power :
  8. 3. Concentrating Power:
  9. Influence Of Solar Power For Home Appiences:
  10. Influence Of Solar Power In Agricultural Industries:
  11. Influence Of Solar Power In Business
  12. Influence Of Solar Power In Environment
  13. 1. Solar Panels
  14. 2. Solar Pumps
  15. 3. Solar Water Heaters
  16. 4. Solar Inverters
  17. 5. Solar AC
  18. 6. Solar Lights
  19. 7. Solar Rooftop
  20. 8. Solar Cooker
  21. 9. Solar Rikshaw
  22. 10. Solar Keyboard
  23. 11. Solar Dryer
  24. 12. Solar Charger
  25. 13.Solar-Powered Fan
  26. 14. Solar Batteries
  27. 1. Loom Solar:
  28. 2. TATA Solar:
  29. 3. EMVEE Solar System:
  30. 4. Vickram Solar Limited:
  31. 5.WAREE Energies Limited:
  32. 6. Moserbeer Solar:
  33. 7. Photon Energy System:
  34. 8. Incomm Tele Ltd. :
  35. 9. Indosolar:
  36. 10. Renewsys Solar System:
  37. Impact Of Solar Energy In Land:
  38. Impact Of Solar Energy In Soil, Water And Air:
  39. Impacts Of Solar Energy On Heavy materials:
  40. Impacts Of Solar Energy While Recycling The Solar Panels:
  41. Advantages:
  42. Challenges:

On the other hand, the country’s long-term goal is too high to achieve. By the year 2030 India wants to implement the capacity of280GW of Solar energy. Due to India’s geographical position, the availability of solar power is huge. This helps the country a competitive advantage over the other countries. In order to achieve the goals, India is taking initiatives in the field of solar energy.

Nowadays people are aware of solar energies and they are planning to use solar products. So in this article, they will get a brief idea about what is solar power, market update, their types, the Utilization of solar power, and many more. So let’s dive into it, shall we?

What is Solar Power?

Solar Power
Solar Power

Solar energy is the energy that is generated from the sun and the most important part is that the availability of this energy is present in ample amount is present on the earth. solar power can be trapped and used in various ways like generating electricity or thermal energy for various purposes such as homes, businesses, utilities, and more. Solar power is a renewable resource.

Current Statistics Of Solar Industry

The solar energy market in India has grown with a CARG of more than 8% during the forecast period. Installed renewal power generation capacity has gained pace over the past year which is posting over CARG 17.33% in between FY16-20. with the increase in the government support and improved economics and also in the investors perspective.

As India will meet the energy demand on its own which is expected to reach 15,820 TWh by 2040, renewable energy is set to play an important role. The main aim of the Indian government is to achieve 227 GW of renewable energy capacity, 114 GW of solar energy in the addition. The government plans to establish a renewable energy capacity of 523 GW by 2030.

Recent Market Update Of Solar Industry

According to Marcom. India, In the 1st half of the year, 2021 India added about 4,587 of the solar energy volume with a growth of over 251% in the same year which is more than the year 2020. In the report, it is stated that at the end of Q2 2021, it is possible that a large number of solar projects will evolve at 52.8GW including 28GW of the projects tendered and pending auction.

It is also stated that the solar installation range of 8-9 GW in the year 2021. The solar industry is in huge progress after the second wave of the covid 19. In 2021 the new solar capacity increases by 1H which is 53% of the total capacity and it is the highest among any other year. It is also added that all the Renewal power like solar, wind, and hydro, will make up to 71% of the total capacity.

Key highlights are:

  1. India put on 2,448 of solar capasity in Q2 2021, which is 19% incraese of solar as compared to 2,090MW of Q1 2021.YoY istallation rose by 1.114% as compared to 205MW in Q2 2020.
  2. India developed 4,578 MW of solar power in 1H 2021, which is 251% more than compared to the same period last year.
  3. At the end of Q2 2021 the total installation capasity is around 43.6 GW
  4. At the end of Q2 2021 there is a large amount of solar projects pipeline in India which stood at 52.8GW in which it includes 28W tendered and pending auction.
  5. For CY 2021 the Mercom predict that the installation of solar will be 8-9 GW.
  6. Compared to Q2 2021, the investments in the solar sector were upto 120%.
  7. The solar share of the new power capasity is the highest ever in 1H than any other year.

Growth Of Solar Industry

According to the Ministry of New and renewable energy, India is endowed with a vast amount of solar energy. About 5000 trillion kWh per year energy is generated all over India with the most part receiving 4-7 KWH/ Square meter day. From January 2021 till September 2021, approximately 8811 MW solar capacity and added in India.

According to JMK Research, it is stated that the capacity is about 280% and 101% respectively which is much higher compared to the previous year. A new report generated by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) it is stated that till September 2021 India’s installation capacity is reached about 101.53 GW. Solar energy contributes to roughly 46% share of the total segmentation.

National Institute of Solar Energy has assessed the Country’s solar potential of about 748 GW assuming 3% of the wasteland area to be covered by Solar PV modules. Solar energy has taken a central place in India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change with the National Solar Mission as one of the key Missions.  National Solar Mission (NSM) was launched on 11th January 2010. 

The Mission targets installing 100 GW grid-connected solar power plants by the year 2022. This is in line with India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions(INDCs) target to achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources and to reduce the emission intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent from the 2005 level by 2030.

In order to achieve the above target, the Government of India has launched various schemes to encourage the generation of solar power in the country like Solar Park Scheme, VGF Schemes, CPSU Scheme, Defence Scheme, Canal bank & Canal top Scheme, Bundling Scheme, Grid Connected Solar Rooftop Scheme, etc.

Various policy measures undertaken included a declaration of trajectory for Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) including Solar, Waiver of Inter-State Transmission System (ISTS) charges, and losses for inter-state sale of solar and wind power for projects to be commissioned up to March 2022. India achieved the 5th global position in solar power deployment by surpassing Italy. Solar power capacity has increased by more than 11 times in the last five years from 2.6 GW in March 2014 to 30 GW in July 2019.  Presently, solar tariff in India is very competitive and has achieved grid parity. 

Recent Development Of The Solar Industries:

  • With the recent surge (2nd Wave) in COVID-19 cases in April 2021, India is expected to delay nearly 4 GW of solar PV projects with the planned commission in 2021 and these are expected to get commissioned in 2022. Moreover, there will again be a delay in the project commissioning schedule for utility-scale solar projects because of lack of labor and delay in equipment supply due to lockdown in different states. Even the rooftop market is likely to face payment issues for OPEX projects with the uncertainty looming over full or partial closure of manufacturing and business units which might also add to liquidity crunch woes.​
  • In March 2021, Delhi-based SolarArise India Projects Pvt Ltd has commissioned a 75-MW solar park in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The photovoltaic (PV) facility is operated by SolarArise through Talettutayi Solar Projects Two Pvt Ltd and is capable of generating 120 million kWh per year.
  • In April 2021, Indian renewables developer Adani Green Energy Ltd commissioned a 50-MW solar farm in Chitrakoot, in India’s Uttar Pradesh state. The solar farm will operate under a 25-year power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) for INR 3.07 (USD 0.041/EUR 0.0343) per kWh.
  • In June 2021, Norwegian renewable power producer Scatec ASA announced its first project in India i.e., a 900-MW solar partnership with local developer ACME Group. The construction of the facility is seen to begin in 2021 and completion is scheduled for 2022. Once up and running, the plant is expected to generate 1,600 GWh a year and will be selling the output to Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) under a 25-year power purchase agreement (PPA) won in a 2018 tender.

Government Initiatives For Solar Industry

  • According to IBEF, In October 2021, the Ministry of Power announced a new set of rules aimed at reducing financial stress for stakeholders and safeguarding timely cost recovery in electricity generation.
  • In August 2021, the Indian government proposed new rules for the purchase and consumption of green energy. The latest rules are a part of government measures to encourage large-scale energy consumers, including industries, to leverage renewable energy sources for regular operations.
  • In July 2021, to encourage rooftop solar (RTS) throughout the country, notably in rural regions, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy plans to undertake Rooftop Solar Programme Phase II, which aims to install RTS capacity of 4,000 MW in the residential sector by 2022 with a provision of subsidy.
  • In July 2021, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) gave the go ahead to NTPC Renewable Energy Ltd., a 100% subsidiary of NTPC, to build a 4,750 MW renewable energy park at the Rann of Kutch in Khavada, Gujarat. This will be India’s largest solar park to be developed by the country’s leading power producer.
  • In June 2021, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA) has invited bids from solar module manufacturers for setting up solar manufacturing units under the central government’s Rs. 4,500 crore (US$ 616.76 million) Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme.
  • As of March 2021, State Bank of India financed Rs. 319.18 billion (US$ 4.28 billion) in renewable energy projects in India, wherein the bank financed 752 renewable energy projects, with a total installed capacity of 13.8 GW.
  • In June 2021, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) approved ReNew Power to exchange equity shareholding by its existing shareholders with shares of ReNew Global. Along with this, the CCI also approved a reverse triangular merger of ReNew Global’s subsidiary with RMG II.
  • In April 2021, the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) and CEEW’s Centre for Energy Finance (CEEW-CEF) jointly launched the India Renewables Dashboard that provides detailed operational information on renewable energy (RE) projects in India.
  • In April 2021, the Ministry of Power (MoP) released the draft National Electricity Policy (NEP) 2021 and has invited suggestions from all stakeholders such as Central Public Sector Undertakings, Solar Energy Corporation of India, power transmission companies, financial institutions like Reserve Bank of India, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, industrial, solar, and wind associations, and state governments.
  • In March 2021, the Union Cabinet approved a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of renewable energy cooperation between India and the French Republic.
  • In March 2021, Haryana announced a scheme with a 40% subsidy for a 3 KW plant in homes, in accordance with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy’s guidelines, to encourage solar energy in the state. For solar systems of 4-10 KW, a 20% subsidy would be available for installation from specified companies.
  • In March 2021, India introduced Gram Ujala, an ambitious programme to include the world’s cheapest LED bulbs in rural areas for Rs. 10 (US$ 0.14), advancing its climate change policy and bolstering its self-reliance credentials.
  • In the Union Budget 2021-22, Ministry for New and Renewable Energy was allocated Rs. 5,753 crore (US$ 788.45 million) and Rs. 300 crore (US$ 41.12 million) for the ‘Green Energy Corridor’ scheme.
  • Under Union Budget 2021-22, the government has provided an additional capital infusion of Rs. 1,000 crore (US$ 137.04 million) to Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) and Rs. 1,500 crore (US$ 205.57 million) to Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency.
  • To encourage domestic production, customs duty on solar inverters has been increased from 5% to 20%, and on solar lanterns from 5% to 15%.
  • India plans to add 30 GW of renewable energy capacity along a desert on its western border such as Gujarat and Rajasthan.
  • The Government of India has announced plans to implement a US$ 238 million National Mission on advanced ultra-supercritical technologies for cleaner coal utilisation.
  • Indian Railways is taking increased efforts through sustained energy efficient measures and maximum use of clean fuel to cut down emission level by 33% by 2030.

Types Of Solar Power In India

Nowadays, everyone wants to install solar power plants. The people of all over India become more cautious about the environment and this is the main reason that solar power is in high demand in the market. When the energy from the sun is converted to kinetic energy then it is directly used in many appliances. But Fist you have to know that there are several solar power plants which are constructed in India. These are:
Photovoltaic solar energy plant, Solar thermal energy plant, and Concentrating power plant.

1. Photovoltaic Solar Power:

Photovoltaic Solar Power
Photovoltaic Solar Power

In the year 1830, Photovoltaic Effect was discovered. Photovoltaic solar energy is a great alternative to electrical energy. Like electrical energy, this energy can be used in various appliances present in the house. Photovoltaic cells help in capturing solar power which is transformed into electricity. This process of transferring energy is done in such a way that there is no involvement of chemicals or any harmful materials in the environment.

Many industries are taking this seriously and want to install girds consisting of Photovoltstic cells so that they can gain the maximum energy. Through this, they never are dependent on electrical energy which not only saves the environment but also is a long-term investment. Now let’s have a look at different types of PV technology, solar PV systems.

Types of Solar Technologies:

1. Monocrystalline Silicon

Monocrystalline Silicon is the older type of solar cell. These cells are made of silicon and it has a continuous grid that has no defects.

2. Polycrystalline Silicon

Polycrystalline Silicon is made of multiple substances and silicon crystals plate which are assembled into thin plates. This silicon crystal is cost-effective as a result these silicon plates are much cheaper than monocrystalline silicon.

3. Amorphous Silicon

Amorphous Silicon is an array of photovoltaic cells which are composed by decomposing the silicon films into substrate grass. This process a needless amount of silicon crystal and as a result, the conversion efficiency decreases.

4. Cadimum Telluride

Cadmium Telluride or CdTe is a thin shits of solar technology which is intended because of its cheap pricing tag. It is around16% conversion efficiency and the main thing is that it can capture a shorter wavelength of solar energy.

5. Copper Indium Gallium Selenide

Copper Indium Gallium Selenide is a very popular material of solar cells the reason behind it is it does not contain any harmful toxic elements with higher efficiency of 20%.

6. Polymer and Organic PV

Polymer and Organic PV is manufactured in various thickness and structures but still, they are very light weighted. They are very flexible and also cost-effective.

PV Solar Systems:

1.On Grid Solar System

On-Grid Solar System is also known as grid-tie or connected solar system. This is mainly used in homes and businesses. As compared to hybrid systems on-grid solar systems cannot able to work properly during blackouts because of safety reasons.

2. Off Grid Solar System

The Off-Grid Solar System required battery storage as it does not connect with the electric grid. The system is designed in such a way that the efficient power is enough to generate electricity throughout the year with saving battery life.

3. Hybrid Solar System

Hybrid Solar System is a combination of solar as well as battery usage. The systems that are connected to the electrical grid can also take the benefits of storing the battery which means that the electricity can be generated day and night.

2. Solar Thermal Power :

Solar Thermal Power
Solar Thermal Power

Solar Thermal Power plant is mainly used for creating the solar water heater to heat the water and also an indoor heating system. This system is used for capturing solar energy and converting it into heat energy. This system is also used for cooking and drying purposes. For heating, the waters and swimming pools lower temperature is required whereas for heating up inside the room and different organizations, a medium temperature is required.

The high temperature on the other hand is used for generating electricity which can be used to run different appliances of the homes. Now let’s talk about the appliances where solar Thermal Energy is used:

Different Types Of Thermal Power Application:

  1. Space Heating
  2. Air Conditioning
  3. Hot Water
  4. Industrial Process Heat
  5. Electrical Power
  6. Pool Heater

3. Concentrating Power:

Concentrating Power
Concentrating Power Energy

Concentrating Power Energy is working exactly like photovoltaic solar energy. In addition, concentrating power is make the usage of mirrors and lenses to capture the wavelength of solar energy. The sunray will be directed towards the photovoltaic cells and then they are transferred into heat energy. Big organizations make utilization of this power for generating the power plants to experience the benefits of solar energy. Let’s have a look at different types of concentrating power applications:

Types Of Concentrating Power Application:

1. Parabolic Dishes

Parabolic Dishes help in setting up the mirror of the satellite with a receiver mounted in the middle which is away from the mirrors. This dish is designed in such a way that when the sunlight reflects in the mirrors and hits the receiver facial point which has a heat engine already installed in it.

2. Solar Power Tower

Solar Power Towers have a host of mirrors reflectors at the ground level commonly known as Heliostats. Then, these heliostats are installed in the tracker system and this will focus on the sunlight throughout the day.

3. Parabolic Troughs

Parabolic Troughs have a long,u-shaped mirror reflector sunlight towards the tube which is run along to the center or parallel to the mirrors.

4. Liner Fresnel Systems

Liner Fresnel Systems uses an array of mirrors with a parallel absorber which helps in carrying the heat transfer fluid.

How Does Solar Power Works?

The process of working of the solar power plant is when the photons are hitting the solar cells they knock the electrons which are lost from their atoms. When the conductors are attached to the positive and negative sides of the cells, and thus it forms an electrical circuit. when the electrons are flowing through the circuit in order to generate electricity. Multiple cells are wind up together to form a solar lining. The panels are being installed in such a way that they can generate maximum electricity.

Utilization Of Solar Power In India

The sun is the ultimate solar power and it can be used in various ways. the sun mainly produces two main energy one is light energy and the other is heat energy. As the energy source is only solar power so it is very cost-effective and also able to convert into electrical energy. We can use these two energies in various ways. Now let’s talk about some of the utilization of solar energies.

After installing the solar panels the operating cost is very less than any other form of the electrical generating device and also it is very clean in nature. These panels do not need any kind of fuel to run. which means that solar power can create a huge amount of electricity without any external sources.

Influence Of Solar Power For Home Appiences:

Solar energy is the most reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity in homes as well as in organizations. PV systems can be used in both direct and scattered sunlight in order to generate electricity. Moreover, the more solar energy reaches the solar panels the more power is generated. These are the lots of appliances of solar energy which is used in the homes such as solar water heaters, Solar AC, solar fans, solar inverters, etc. The solar system home prices are affordable and also user-friendly.

Influence Of Solar Power In Agricultural Industries:

The rural areas are mainly dependent on agriculture and as a result, they needed to access renewable energy so that they are able to live a sustainable life. Some agriculture like irrigation, poultry lighting, and pest control do not need solar energy to run. But when it comes to farming and agriculture then a large amount of electricity is needed. It is also cost-effective and farmers can have the benefit in the long run. The agriculture industry can have benefits in solar drying, pumping water, and refrigeration for food preservation.

Solar Drying:

The agriculture products such as meat, vegetable, and fruits are needed to be dry in the open air which is not safe for consumption. This is where we can use solar thermal energy for drying objects. This will take less time and also remove the impact of the natural elements.

Refrigeration:

Processing and Preserving agricultural food also need to be refrigerated. Solar energy needs in cooling are more variable in the rural areas with no access to the power grid. Solar energy can be used efficiently in space cooling or the combination of heating and cooling in order to extend the shelf-life of the products.

Solar water pumps:

Solar water pumps have an inbuilt inverter that is used to store energy for the water supply within 24 hours. Solar water pumps also provide the water supply for the livestock and it is useful for daily use.

Influence Of Solar Power In Business

The electricity per unit price is very high in the business. So that’s why commercial solar energy is much beneficial. The government of India also taking initiative for proving the benefits through the accelerated reduction of the benefit.

Influence Of Solar Power In Environment

The environmental impact of solar energy is very low in nature. The main effects are the production and the supply of some particular materials and also metals that are required for the production of the solar panels. The water is only used for the cleaning purpose of the solar panels and also affects the environment.

Different Types Of Solar Products

As we all know that Solar Power plant is the future in the Indian market and it is growing rapidly. Solar energy is very authentic and long-lasting energy and also cost-effective and also very efficient. Solar products are developing efficient techniques in order to generate, use and store solar energy. There are lots of solar products are produced and also emerging in India. Let’s talk about the current solar products which are available in India.

1. Solar Panels

Solar Panels
Solar Panels

Solar panels are designed with a small array of units known as photovoltaic cells. These photovoltaic cells lie in between a silicon array which acts as a conductor. When the sun rays fall into these cells then electricity is generated which causes the photoelectron effect. Through this process, the solar panels transfer the solar energy into kinetic energy and thus help in generating electricity. Solar panels can be used in various applications.

Polycrystalline solar panels

Polycrystalline solar panels are the most important type of solar panels. These panels are perfectly made of multiple pieces of silicon.

Monocrystalline Solar panels

Monocrystalline Solar panels are the second most important solar panels. These are made up of silicon crystals. These panels have solar cells in a rounded shape with their corners cut off.

Bifacial solar panels

Bifacial solar panels are produced from both sides of solar modules and also help in increasing the total energy generation. As more energy is transformed into electricity so a lesser amount of panels are required to satisfy the same power requirement in the rooftop installation.

Also, Read Best Solar Mounting Manufacturers In India.

2. Solar Pumps

Solar Pumps
Solar Pumps

Solar water pumps are an amazing technology for lifting the water with the help of solar energy. Mainly these pumps are run by PV panels. This is totally the opposite of electric or diesel pumps. The solar pumps contain a water storage tank, electrical cables, a breaker/fuse box, a DC water pump, a solar charge controller (MPPT), and a solar panel array. Solar Pumps have very little environmental impact compared to other pumps.

Solar Submersible Pumps

Solar submersible pumps are mainly beneficial for lifting the water from the deep underground. It helps in lifting the water deep by more than 15 meters.

Solar Surface Pumps

Solar Surface Pumps are very small pumps but they are very powerful in nature. They are used to lift water from the shallow water.

3. Solar Water Heaters

 Solar Water Heaters
Solar Water Heaters

Solar water heaters are a machine which is needed to heat the water with the help of solar energy. This heater is used to heat the water during the day. This heated water is stored for future use. This is the most cost-effective among all the other products.

TC Solar water heater

ETC Solar water heater is designed in such a way that it can provide insulation by using double-layer borosilicate glass tubes. it is also a good absorber of solar water.

FPC Solar Water Heater

FPC Solar Water Heater works by absorbing the radiation through Flat Plate Collectors which is made up of insulated outer metallic box which is covered on the top of the glass sheet. Inside it, there are blackhead metallic absorber sheets with inbuild channels in order to carry water.

4. Solar Inverters

Solar Inverters
Solar Inverters

Solar inverters are electrical inverters that are used for transferring the direct current of the photovoltaic current solar panels to utility frequency alternating current which can be strengthened into a commercial electrical grid or off-grid electrical network. The solar inverters have an efficiency of over 95% or as high as 98% are available in the Indian market.

On-grid inverters

On-grid inverters are also known as grid-tie inverters. It is mainly used for on-grid solar systems.

Off-Grid Solar Inverters

Off-Grid Solar Inverters are also known as stand one solar inverters which are used in the off-grid solar system. The off-grid inverters works completely isolated from the grid.

Hybrid inverter

Hybrid inverters are a combination of on-grid and off-grid solar inverters. It helps in supplying the power in the normal operating conditions to the home, charging the solar battery, and also helps in accessing the power which will be fed into the grid.

5. Solar AC

Solar AC
Solar AC

Solar AC is one of the best inventions done by modern science in order to decrease environmental pollution. the solar AC can also be called solar AC, solar-powered AC, and hybrid solar air conditioner. Unline other solar AC, Solar AC can be run by the solar energy which is generated from the solar panels. This AC has the benefits of more power options. The solar AC has three power options namely Solar Power, Solar Battery Bank&Electricity Grid.

6. Solar Lights

Solar Lights
Solar Lights

Solar Lights are highly efficient solar panels, a mounting structure, several LED Bulbs, a rechargeable solar battery, etc. With the help of the photovoltaic effect, these lights are more efficient and reliable to operate the solar luminaries. Solar lights do not need any kind of grid or any kind of heavy wearing. The solar is designed in such a way that it can work efficiently in its own way.

7. Solar Rooftop

Solar Rooftops
Solar Rooftops

Solar Rooftops are mainly placed on the top of commercial, industrial, residential buildings. They capture solar energy with the help of solar panels and convert solar energy into electricity. This electricity is stored for future use. This total setup is also called a solar rooftop photovoltaic system. This is totally eco-friendly and this whole process did not require any kind of chemical emission.

8. Solar Cooker

Solar Cooker
Solar Cooker

Solar Cooker is an appliance that is run by solar energy. In this device, the energy is directly generated from the sunlight to heat, cook or pasteurize any kind of drink and another food item. Nowadays there are many solar cookers that are cost-friendly, low-tech devices but some of them are very powerful and also very expensive, like the other cookers. This is a great invention as it did not need any kind of fuel and also very environment friendly.

9. Solar Rikshaw

Solar Rikshaw
Solar Rikshaw

A solar Rickshaw is basically powered by a battery which is run by solar energy. The solar panels are attached to the vehicle which helps to generate electricity. This rikshaw is bowered by solar panels which are consist of multiple solar cells that immediately convert the solar energy into electricity.

10. Solar Keyboard

Solar Keyboard is a wireless computer keyboard that changes the batteries from the sunlight. The keyboard was K750 which was announced in the year 2010. In 2018 Microsoft also field a patient about the usage of solar panels which can be used to extend battery life for Microsoft Surface Pro.

11. Solar Dryer

Solar Dryer
Solar Dryer

Solar Dryer is basically used by solar energy and it is used to dry different types of substances especially food. These devices mainly work by simply converting the sunray into heat and trapping the heat so that it can be used in the future.

12. Solar Charger

Solar Charger
Solar Charger

Solar Charger is a charger which used to charge various kinds of devices like cell phones, laptops, car batteries, reading lights, and personal fans. The specialty of this charger is it cannot directly expel electricity into the devices. It has an extended battery life in it so it is able to collect the electricity in them for future use.

13.Solar-Powered Fan

Solar-powered Fan
Solar-powered Fan

A solar-Powered Fan is a mechanical fan that is controlled by solar panels. The solar panels are either mounted on the devices or maybe installed independently. Most solar fans do not need any secondary power except solar power. The reason behind this is that most of them are used for cooling purposes during the day. It runs very fast when it is hot outside which helps you to save your AC bills.

14. Solar Batteries

Solar Batteries
Solar Batteries

Solar Batteries are used to store solar energy and discharge the power in the time of need. Rechargeable batteries are used for off-grid PV systems in order to store excess amounts of electricity. Some of the solar batteries are wet cells while on other hand, others are used sealed or gel cell batteries. Each solar battery has different temperature, mounting, and ventilation requirements.

Read Our Article On Best Solar Charge Controller In India

List Of Best Solar Brands In India

As we all know that India is the leading state for fast-growing economies worldwide. Thus the result is the emission of a huge amount of carbon dioxide which is very harmful to the environment. So to decrease this pollution there is some alternative energy such as solar energy. Indian government aimed to achieve 114 GW solar capacity in the year 2022.

In order to achieve the goal, there are many companies who came forward to help the Indian government by establishing their own business in Solar industries. So, here is the list of Top Solar Companies In India that fulfill the latest solar energy trends in India. So here is the List:

1. Loom Solar:

Loom Solar
Loom Solar

Loom solar is established in 2018 in Faridabad. It is a well know startup company by the government not only it is also an ISO-9001 authorized company. The company maintains over 100 employees with a strong network of over 500 districts,3500 retailers,2 offices, and a1 manufacturing unit. This was also rewarded with the 11th Annual 2019 Golden Bridge Business and Innovation Awards at the United State of Nations.

2. TATA Solar:

Tata Solar
Tata Solar

The company is officially known as TATA BP Solar. In 1964 TATA international company was organized in Mumbai. The company is run by over 60,000 employees. It manufactures various solar products such as solar modules, solar cells, and other solar products, and provides EPC services for solar power projects.TATA Solar has shipped closed to 1.4w of solar modules and installed 1.5W of utility-scale and has 200MW of rooftop projects.

3. EMVEE Solar System:

EMVEE Solar System
EMVEE Solar System

EMMVEE is authorized in the year 1992 in Bangaluru. This is the leading brand that is popular for manufacturing solar photovoltaics, Solar Water Heating Systems, and other Industrial Products using green energy. It has a huge market share in India, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. This company is specialized in manufacturing photovoltaic modules and systems for On-grid and Off-grid applications. It has a high quality of photovoltaic modes in the Bangaluru Manufacturing Unit.

4. Vickram Solar Limited:

Vickram Solar Limited
Vickram Solar Limited

Vikram Solar has also manufactured PV solar modules. The headquarters of this company is in Kolkata. This company is part of the Vikram Group of companies. Except for PV solar modules this company provides us with a variety of services of engineering, procurement, and construction services and operations and maintenance of solar power plants.This company annual solar module with a capacity of up to 1GW. The company has launched over 500MW modules with advanced M6 cells. This company stretches its office not only in India but also in Europe and Africa.

5.WAREE Energies Limited:

WAREE Energies Limited:
WAREE Energies Limited

WAREE energies Limited was established in 1989 in Mumbai. It is one of the greatest leading solar PV in the Indian market with a 2GW manufacturing capacity. This company extended its branch in Surat and Umbergaon. this company produces many solar products such as rooftop solutions, and solar water pumps and also as an Independent Power Producer. WAAREE has over 350 locations and has connections to over 68 countries in India as well as in International.

6. Moserbeer Solar:

Moserbeer Solar
Moserbeer Solar

Moserbaer solar continues working in developing the PV and other technologies such as PV modules, monocrystalline panels, multi-crystalline modules, mono PERC solar panels, solar tiles, roof shingles, and more. This is the reason this company is Growing Rapidly in the market of India. Moserbear Solar also provides the service in the field of Photovoltaic industries worldwide.

7. Photon Energy System:

Photon Energy System
Photon Energy System

Photon Energy System was organized in the year 1995 and in 1997-98 this company was operated with financial assistance from the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. The company consists of three verticles manufacturing and supplying a wide range of solar energy products and solutions such as solar PV modules, Solar Lanterns (now discontinued), Solar Street Lights (now discontinued) Solar Rooftop Power Plants, Solar Megawatt Power Plants, Solar Water Pumps, and Solar Water Heating Systems.

8. Incomm Tele Ltd. :

Icomm Tele Ltd.
Icomm Tele Ltd.

ICOMM Tele Limited is one of the topmost leading brands in India as it offers the service of designing, engineering development, and turnkey solutions for telecom, Defense, Solar, Power, and Infrastructure Sectors.

9. Indosolar:

Indosolar
Indosolar

Indosolar was organized in the year 2008. This company has a manufacturing facility in India with a production line from Germany With a huge capacity of 500MW. It extended over 30 countries in the world including Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Asia. This company manufactured a large scale of photovoltaic cells and solar panels.

10. Renewsys Solar System:

Renewsys Solar System
Renewsys Solar System

RenewSys is the first nonsegregated manufacturer of Solar PV Modules and its key components such as Encapsulants, Backsheets, and Solar PV Cells. This company spread its connectivity over including the Middle East, Africa, China, and representative offices in Europe, the USA, and Mexico. It supplies its service to over 400 countries in the whole world. It is an ISO 14001:2015, IS0 9001:29015 ( Hydrabad), ISO 9001: 2015( Bangaluru) certified company.

What Is The Impact Of Solar Power On Environment?

Solar energy is a huge source of energy that can be stored and this energy can be converted and used in various applications. This energy provides an immense amount of clean,non-polluted, and sustainable electricity, resulting in global warming emissions. If we use Solar energy then we can experience a lot of benefits in order to other conventional energy. The huge amount of arrangement of these systems can face many negative environmental intimations.

The environmental impacts of solar energy are categorized in numerous ways such as land use, waterways, ecological impacts, soil and air impacts, and much more.

Impact Of Solar Energy In Land:

On the basis of the location, the solar facilities can have a large utility-scale which can concerned about land degradation and habitat loss. This results in interference in the existing land usage which can impact the uses of various areas such as wilderness or recreational management areas.

The total land area which is needed depends upon the technology, the topography of the site, and the intensity of the solar resource. The utility of PV solar system varies from 3.5 to 10 acres/MW on the other hand for CSP facilities the range lies in between 4 to 16.5 acres/MW.

Impact Of Solar Energy In Soil, Water And Air:

Soil, water, and air resources: The development of the solar facilities in the vast land urge to cleaning and grading. This results in soil compression, alternation of the drainage channels, and also increase in erosion. the central tower is required for the utilization of the water for cooling. The increases in the water demand may starin the availability of the water and also the chemical spills from the facility which causes the contamination of the groundwater or the ground surface.

As the industries are growing rapidly so a large scale of solar power plants is needed. This results in the contamination of the air quality. The release of the soil-carried pathogens results in an increase of air particulate which has a worse effect on contaminating water reservoirs.

Impacts Of Solar Energy On Heavy materials:

Many experts said that nowadays the thin films panels are generated with dangerous materials such as Cadmium Telluride. The solar panels use many hazardous materials, coal, and also many oil contains substances which are released when its combustion. Cola power generates much more toxic substances and thus the pollution occurs up to 3000 times which is much more than the solar power manufacturers.

Impacts Of Solar Energy While Recycling The Solar Panels:

Recycling Solar panels faces some big issues because the availability of recycling old solar panels is very limited. Recycling of the solar panels is very important as the material which is used for the manufacturing the solar panels are very rare and unique metals and also all of them are composed of silver, tellurium, or indium. As the space for recycling the panels is very limited so the materials are going to waste which results in Resource scarcity in the future.

Advantages And Challenges Of Solar Power For Home

Solar energy is very beneficial for the environment. It helps in the reduction of harmful fossil fuel and ensure that they will remain a healthy habitat for all human beings. But if you planning to install solar equipment then you should consider some certain facts. You should be well aware of the benefits and natural drawbacks which is present in both business and homeowners. So, here is the list of some advantages and challenges of installing solar equipment inside your home that you should know.

Advantages:

  • Solar energy helps in the reduction of the electricity bills: One of the most notable benifits of the solar energy is it helps in the reduction of your electrucity bills. The resaon behind is that as you switch to the solar energy automatically your bill will drop significantly. In fact you will also receive a creadits for excess energy that your system produces, this will offset the bill much more.
  • Eco friendly: Solar panels are efficient in the reduction of the environment pollution. The reason behind is that it can trap the solar energy and convert it into the electricity with any harmful reaction. Hence, the usage of the solar palnels is ecfriendly and also harmless for the environment.
  • Diverse Applications: Solar energy can be used in huge applications. Through this you can generate electricity or heart thermal. The solar energy can generate electricity independtly without any energy grid,to distil water in those areas with the limited water supplies and to power the satellites in the space.
  • Low maintanance costs: Solar energy so not need any kinfd of high maintanance. Only you have to make it clean within couple of times of the years. You can also get the service of cleaning from the specialized cleaning companies. Most of the solar panels manufacturers have an warrenty of 25-30 years.
  • Solar energy can be paired with the solar battery storage: Solar batteries nad solar panels are the ideal combinations. As the solar batteries helps in storing the energies for the future use and it is great for them who want a self produce all their own poiwer and do not wnat any kind of dependency on the power grid. Solar batteries are designed in such a way that it get charged during the day and the power can be used either in the night or for the future.
  • Technology development: Solar industrry is developind ady by day. Innovations in the quantam phisics and nanotechnology will helps in incraesng the effectiveness of the solar panels in the future and also the electrical input of the solar power systems.
  • Silent: The solar energy do not produce any kind of noise while it is working. the sunrays directly touched the solar panels and then the panels helps in converting the solar energy into the electrical energy with any kind of sound.
  • Low operating costs: The solar panels do not need any kind of fuel for the conversion of the solar energy into the electrical energy and also has zero variable costs.

Challenges:

  • Costs: The initial cost of the solar system is very expensive. This includes the paying of solar panels, inverter, batteries, wiring, and the installation. Solar technologies are gradually developing and also it is save assume that in future the prices of the solar system will go down.
  • Weather Depended: The solar energy can be still collected in the rainy or cloudy days but that is very limted in nature. The solarv energy are basily very active during the sunlight. Hence, a few cloudy, rainy days have a noticeable effect on the energy systrem.
  • Solar energy Storage is expensive: Solarenergy has to be used in the correct way so that it can be stored in the large baterries. These batteris can be used in the off grid solar systems which can be changed during the say so that the energy can be used in the night. But thsi process is quite expensive.
  • It uses a lot of space: The more electricity you want to generate the more solar panels is needed. Solar PV panels takes a lot of space and also some of the roofs are are not big enough so that they could fit it perfectly.

Scope Of Solar Power From India’s Perspective.

According to IBEF, The Government is promised to increase the use of energy and is already undertaken various sustainable power projects and also promoted green energy heavily.

  1. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set an ambitious target to set up renewable energy capacities to the tune of 227 GW by 2022, of which about 114 GW is planned for solar, 67 GW for wind, and other for hydro and bio among other.
  2. India’s renewable energy sector is expected to attract investment worth US$ 80 billion in the next four years. About 5,000 Compressed Biogas plants will be set up across India by 2023.
  3. It is expected that by 2040, around 49% of the total electricity will be generated by renewable energy as more efficient batteries will be used to store electricity, which will further cut the solar energy cost by 66% as compared to the current cost.
  4. Use of renewables in place of coal will save India Rs. 54,000 crores (US$ 8.43 billion) annually3. Renewable energy will account for 55% of the total installed power capacity by 2030. As per the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) estimates, by 2029-30, the share of renewable energy generation would increase from 18% to 44%, while that of thermal is expected to reduce from 78% to 52%.
  5. According to the year-end review (2020) by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, another 49.59 GW of renewable energy capacity is under installation and an additional 27.41 GW of capacity has been tendered. This puts the total capacity of renewable energy projects (already commissioned or in the pipeline) at aproximately 167 GW.

The Indian government wants to develop solar energy in every state of India. Solar energy is very mainstream energy and also eco-friendly through the solar rooftop systems on all the houses, solar parks in the countryside.

Conclusion:

In this article, I have given a brief about solar power. As we all know that solar industry is growing rapidly day by day. So, everyone is planning to install solar panels and also wants to know detailed information about solar power. I have tried to provide each and every piece of information about solar power. So before installing the solar panels you should keep in mind the benefits as well as the challenges of the solar panels. It is very important to choose the right solar panels for your households.

As many people come to know about solar panels so there is a number of industries are growing regarding the solar system. So, choose wisely which one you would like to install. So, I also provided a list of top solar brands in India. Thank you for going through my article. I hope this article helped you a lot regarding solar Power and its various types, advantages, and more. If you still have any doubts regarding this topic do let me in the comment section below.

FAQ’s On Solar Power System For Home
1. What Is Solar Power?

Solar power is a method through which solar energy is converted into electricity. This solar energy is used by the solar panels that are mainly arranged on the surface of the home as well as many organizations which convert the solar energy into electrical energy.

2. What are the advantages of solar energy?

Solar energy is the energy which is generated from the sun and also it is the most important is that it is available in ample amount is present on the earth. solar power can be trapped and used in various ways like generating electricity or thermal energy for various purposes such as homes, businesses, utilities, and more. Solar power is a renewable resource.

3. Which type of solar energy is useful for the home?

Solar energy plants are installed which is depend on the situation. The grid solar energy is best for home applications. There are mainly three types of solar systems which are
1. On-grid Solar System.
2. Off-grid solar system
3. Hybrid Solar System.

4. Is solar power panels expensive or not?

The cost of the solar panels depends on the quality of the panels. Solar power is very affordable this year. Solar power is very important for the future as it is clean energy and did not need any kind of fuel.

5. Which is the best solar power technology?

Photo-voltaic technology is the best in solar power technology. The on-grid solar system is the best of all types of solar systems. It helps in the conversion of AC electricity into DC electricity.

6. Which is the cheapest source of solar energy?

The solar water heater is the cheapest among the other source of solar energy.

7. Is solar power as good as electricity?

The utilization of solar energy is an alternation of electrical energy which helps in the reduction of electricity loss. You can install the photovoltaic panels on the roof in order to help generate suitable energy from the sun.

8. How much solar power do I need to power my home?

Basically, 5kW solar energy is used to control home applications. If your power consumption is not so much then you can choose a 1kW Solar system, 2kW solar system, or 3kW Solar system and for high voltage, you can go for a 10kW solar system.

9. What are the incentive and subsidies for solar power?

There are 30% to 90% of the subsidies that are available on solar energy.

10. How long do solar panels last?

First of all solar panels do not last forever. But the average life span of solar panels is about 25 to 30 years.

11. How does a solar power panel work?

The photovoltaic cells in the solar panels help in converting the solar energy to direct current. Then, an inverter converts this DC into the AC. Through this process, the power is generated which is used to feed the grid or can be stored in the batteries.