Best Solar Batteries In India | Overview, Types, Buying Guide, And More.

India is the fast-growing economic country in the world. This results in discharging a lot of harmful gasses or greenhouse gasses while manufacturing various kinds of products. Thus the pollution is increasing in the environment on the daily basis. So the people, as well as the government, are looking for an alternative solution and also they found one in the form of Renewable energy.

Renewable energy is clean energy and thus helps in reducing the carbon footprint in the environment. Among this energy solar energy is the most trendy among the people of India.

People start avoiding those devices which are run by fossil fuel and start adopting the solar products run by solar power. For example, As we all know In India there are some states present where frequent power cuts are happening on the daily basis. There are many rural places present where they face 4-5 houses of the daily power cuts.

So the people of these states start adopting solar batteries in their homes so that they could able to use the stored solar energy when they need them the most. However, the installation of solar panels is also essential for running solar batteries.

There are a lot of solar energy companies emerging so people are confused about which one to choose and from which product they can get the maximum benefits. So, before investing your valuable money in solar batteries, you must do some kind of research to get the best solar batteries for the home. In the given below article, you will be able to find information about the definition of solar batties, their benefits, types, and many more. I hope this helps you a lot. Before knowing about what is solar batteries first have a look at what is Solar energy and its future scope.

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Overview Of Solar Energy

Solar Energy Definition
Solar Energy Definition

Solar energy is the energy that is utilized the solar radiation and helps in generating electricity which is used for various purposes. This is one of the most common renewable energy which is used nowadays as the people are aware of global warming so they are trying to use this energy as much as possible. The solar energy first hits the solar panels which then traps the solar energy and converts them into electricity.

These solar panels are arranged in such a way that they can able to extract the excess amount of solar energy. These cells are designed by semiconductor materials that help in releasing the electrons from their atoms when the sunlight hits on these panels. Through this process, the cell is able to produce electricity. This energy is clean energy and it also helps in reducing the carbon footprint to save the environment.

Future Update Of Solar Energy

In the report published by the Council on Energy, Environment, and Water (CEEW) it is stated that in the year 2070 the installation of the solar power capacity must be increased to 5630GW. The requirement for the land for installing solar power would be approximately 4.6%. At present India has installed 100 GW capacity of renewable energy out of which 40GW is of the solar and the main target to enhance the REnewable energy to 450GW by the year 2030.

In the report, it is also stated that in order to decrease the usage of coal energy then we need to peak by the year 2040 and drop by 99% during 2040 and 2060. The consumption of crude oil across the country will be peak by 2050 and then fall drastically by 90% between 2050 and 2070. According to IPCC, it is important to achieve the net-zero globally to limit the rise in the temperature to 1.5 degrees in the coming years. India will attain net-zero emission by the year 2070 then the economic cost of the transition will become around 4.1% of the GDP in the net-zero year.

The government of India has offered many schemes to the common people so they can able to use solar energy as much as possible. These solar schemes which will be launched are Solar Park Scheme, VGF Schemes, CPSU Scheme, Defence Scheme, Canal bank & Canal top Scheme, Bundling Scheme, Grid Connected Solar Rooftop Scheme, etc.

What Is Solar Batteries?

Solar Batteries Definition
Solar Batteries Definition

The solar battery is the application of solar products which is used to store the excess amount of electricity which is generated by the solar systems. These stored energies can be used in times of need when the solar panels are unable to produce a sufficient amount of energy including nights, cloudy days, and during power outages. The solar battery also helps to measure the total amount of solar energy generated by the devices.

Solar batteries utilize three electrodes. It is consists of a lithium base, two layers of the electrode which is separated by a thin layer of porous carbon, and titanium gauze mesh which plays as the moderator to the dye-sensitive photoelectrode. the battery ions the oxidized into the lithium peroxide by these porous materials that are chemically breakdown into the lithium ions and stored in the lithium metal.

Solar batteries are essential devices for off-grid and on-grid solar systems. They are also known as deep cycle batteries. These solar batteries also help in running the solar pumps which are present in the building.

How The Solar Batteries Works?

The solar batteries which are installed in the home are an integral part of the home energy dependency. now let’s look at how solar batteries work. Shall we!

Solar Power: The process begins with solar panels which are placed on the roof of the building when the sunlight hits the solar panels it captures the DC energy which converts the visible light into the electrical current. The DC electricity produced by the solar panels which are then converted into usable AC power or kept as DC power. On the basis of the weather, the system uses the AC or the DC battery.

Battery Charging: After the electricity is generated from the solar panels then it will directly feed to the main electrical panels of the building and then uses in the home appliances. Solar systems are able to produce more power than the actual amount to be used.

This extra energy is flowing back to the grid through the process which is known as net marketing. This affects the extra power which would help in spinning the meter backward and then gives the homeowners with the bill credit which helps you to offset the power extract from the grid. With the help of this battery, the electricity which is produced by the solar panels can be stored in them. The battery charges mainly depend on the amount of extra energy is being produced.

DC Vs AC Charging: The home appliences are run by AC energy but all the solar batteries are needed DC energy to charge. The solar battery accepts the AC energy and then it utilizes the build-in inverters to convert the Dc power which helps in charging the battery. When the battery distributes the power to the whole building then the inverters convert this DC power back into the AC power which is then fed to the buildings.

Modern batteries have the advantage in the AC batteries that are they can be utilized in any kind of solar system. Whereas the DC batteries are able to higher round trip to the efficiency. Each time the electricity is converted from DC energy to AC energy then about 5% of the power is lost to the heat. So the DC batteries are more efficient than the AC batteries as they are not converting any power.

Battery Discharging: either in the AC or DC solar systems, The solar batteries are charged up extra solar power which is stored in them which can be used in the future. The homeowners will choose the solar batteries because when the power cut happens then the battery backup Systems will separate the home application from the grid and then activate the battery to provide the electrical supply t the circuits to which they are connected. The other reason is to take the solar batteries to enjoy the benefit of the Time of use rate.

Benefits Of The Best Solar Batteries

Installing solar batteries is very beneficial as it helps in storing the excess electricity which is generated by the solar panels. Through this process, you will be able to improve your electricity generating systems productions throughout the day. Let’s have a look at the benefits of solar batteries.

Power Availability: one of the drawbacks of solar panels are they only able to produce electricity when there is the availability of solar energy. On cloudy days, the solar panels are not able to work properly. but with the help of the battery, the excess energy which is generated by the solar panels is able to store within them for later. Through this, you can use this stored energy at home without drawing off the grid.

Energy Security: The stirred energy allows you not to rely on the grid for additional power. If you live in places where there are often power cuts happens then the solar batteries become a life changer for you as it covers you from the consequences of poor grid management.

Reduce The Carbon Footprint: The solar power systems are conducting the electricity without hurting the environment. they are producing clean energy which means that their process of generating electricity does not pollute the environment. There are no harmful carbon emissions that cause no harm to the ecosystem. even solar batteries are also environmentally friendly and free of carbon emissions.

Help To Save Money: Solar batteries are not required to purchase any external energy. So this means that it helps in reducing the electricity bills as you consume less amount of the grid energy.

A Quite Solution: These solar batteries are silent. Unlike the other batteries, it does not produce any sound but is able to work properly.

Types Of The Solar Batteries For Homes

There are four different types of solar batteries that are available in the market. Each of these battery backup power technologies has its own characteristics. These batteries are mainly used by solar for decades. Now, let’s check the different types of solar batteries with the details.

Lead Acid Batteries

Lead Acid Batteries
Lead Acid Batteries

Lead-acid batteries are the most affluent, oldest, and most trustable technology in the field of solar technology. These batteries are mainly used for off-grid solar systems, hybrid solar systems, solar batteries for garden lights, and also solar street lights. These batteries rea designed in such a way that they can be used to run the solar application. The lead Acis solar batteries are C-10 rated with the capacity of slow charging which helps in running the application swiftly. So this results in charging the battery on the low ampere. These batteries need to top up with water every 3 to 6 months so that they can skillfully store more energy than any other battery.

Lithium Ion Batteries

Lithium-Ion Batteries
Lithium-Ion Batteries

The lithium-ion solar batteries have the feature of a high current rating and also a long shelf life than the other batteries. The most advantage of these batties is they have an extremely rich life cycle and they are also able to high charge and discharge which help to capture the excess amount of the solar energy from the one which is mounted by the solar mounting systems. These lithium solar batteries are composed of lithium-ion phosphate which keeps the batteries safe, secure, noninflammable, and stable for the next 15 to 20 years and also zero charges on maintenance. It is good for running off-grid solar systems and hybrid solar systems.

Nickel Based Batteries

Nickel Based Batteries
Nickel Based Batteries

The nickel-based solar batteries are used for various projects as they can perform in any type of temperature. The nickel batteries are made up of Nickel Cadmium. They are good for off-grid solar systems as they have trustable backup systems and also they do not need high maintenance. These batteries are available in various shapes and sizes and performance options which can help to store in a discharge change as they have a long life cycle. They are chief and affordable rather than the other solar batteries. However, they have low energy and also have the features of high shelf discharge. These batteries are environmentally friendly and help in reducing carbon emissions.

Flow Batteries

Flow Batteries
Flow Batteries

Flow batteries are designed by the water-based solution known as zinc-bromide inside them. These batteries work like fuels as liquid energy sources like the elements which help in creating electricity. These solar batteries are designed inflexible and thus help in combining the storage capacity and power result capacity.

Read Our Blog On Solar Water Heaters In India. Everything You Need To Know.

Tips For Extending The Shelf Life Of The Solar Batteries

Installing the solar power panels is a one-time investment so to protect the device it is essential to maintain the batteries. To get the most benefits from the battery here are some tips that help you to extend the self-life of your battery.

Limit The Number Of The Batteries: First, try to decrease te the number of the batteries in the home as the more batteries are equal to the more connections and each of the connections will grow the connections and thus each connection will increase the resistance and this resistance can be the root of the charging and thus it will limit the bank to 16 batteries.

Rotate Your Batteries: If you have a large power bank then you should rotate the batteries within the bank accordingly. If the batteries are kept in the middle of then they will not be able to receive the good charge as the batteries are kept outside. If you rotate the batteries then they will work great.

Use The Large Battery To Interconnect The Cables: If you use the battery to interconnect the cables then it decreases the resistance and also permits you to charge the battery.
Not charging the batteries as this can damage the batteries: If you keep your battery uncharged then it can damage the batteru=y soon. Keep in mind to leave your charging source let the batteries charge.

Use Only Distilled Water: Using the distilled for top up the solar battery is better as it helps in adding the additives or the electrolytes which make them more efficient.

Properly Charge The Battery: If you want to increase the shelf life of your solar battery then you should charge them properly.

Allow Boiling: Boiling is normal for the batteries but it is a critical part of the charging. You should regularly gas the solar batteries. The batteries will start gassing at approximately 14.1Vdc,28.2Vdc, or 56.4Vdc.

Battery Equalization: The Equalization will help the battery to prevent overcharging as this can damage the batteries. The cells which are present in the batteries are unevenly charged by the process called normal cycling. This prevents the cells from fully charged on the regular basis and this permits sulfation to build upon the plates. The equalization helps the battery to fully charge and resulting knock some of the sulfation off the plates with the process of gassing. The gassing helps in the mixing of the electrolyte in order to prevent it from distinguishing.

List Of The Solar Batteries Price In India

The solar batteries are outlined which are used for the solar systems are constructed to make the lead-acid batteries last longer to store for the solar battery bank. The off-grid solar powers require the battery bank to reserve the energy for frequent use when there is a power cut happens. the solar batteries are marked on the basis of voltage, ampere-hours (AH).

The electron moves inside the batteries and then there is a chemical reaction that happens inside the batteries between the electrolyte and lead plates. The solar batteries are manufactured in such a way that they can optimum performance, very long life, low self-discharge, high reliability, and quick charging ability. On the basis of the capacity of the solar batteries, their brand, types, etc the pricing of the solar batteries takes place. If you think that how much do solar batteries cost then here is the Solar batteries price list.

Model Of The Solar Batteries Rating Pricing
20Ah Solar Power Battery20AhRs.2,800
40Ah Solar Power Battery 40Ah Rs.3,700
60Ah Solar Power Battery 60Ah Rs.4500
75Ah Solar Power Battery 75Ah Rs.6000
100Ah Solar Power Battery 100Ah Rs.7,800
150Ah Solar Power Battery 150Ah Rs.11,900
200Ah Solar Power Battery 200Ah Rs.12,900

Advantages Of The Solar Batteries For Home

Solar batteries are beneficial for storing the excess energy which is produced by solar panels. The process through which the electricity is produced by the solar batteries is an easy method as it traps the solar energy and then gathers the protons and then triggers the electrons which help in producing the energy. Then this energy is saved in the batteries and used later when it is needed. So before installing solar batteries it is very important to check the advantages and the disadvantages of solar batteries. Let’s dive into it.

Battery Backup In The Cause Of The Power Cut: If you have a grid solar array then it produces clean energy which is able to produce clean energy during the day. The excess power is then fed back to the grid. If you have a battery backup system then it helps in providing the backup power for a limited amount of time.

Increase Self-Reliance On The Solar Systems: Solar power only manufactures electricity only during the daytime. Owing to the slightly larger solar panel cells in storing the excess energy which is produced in the battery systems for future usage. In the absence of solar energy systems, you can able to feed the excess amount of energy for financial benefits.

Reduce The Carbon Footprint: Most of the devices depend on fossil fuel to produce electricity which means that the carbon dioxide emission from the grid electricity is huge. Owning the solar systems at home with the solar battery will help in reducing the carbon footprint.

Reduce Your Bills: The government of India wants the people to install the solar systems as much as possible so he is offering various subsidies which help the people to motivate to install the solar system in their homes. Also, the main source of the solar system is solar energy which is present plenty in the environment and also they do not need any kind of external source of energy which helps you to reduce a lot of money.

Become Energy Independent: The solar systems do not rely on grid energy as they can able to produce their own clean source of energy. With the help of solar batteries, you will no longer need room for the batteries. You only need the large space for the PV systems, to fees for all the electrical tools adding a bit extra charge to the battery systems.

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Disadvantages Of The Solar Batteries For Home

The Energy Storage Is Expensive: the cost of solar energy is a bit high and can increase when it comes to purchasing solar panels. so before installing the solar system you should make the plan in a financial sense. It basically depends on the consumption traffic rate.

The Lifespan Of The Home Battery: The life span of the battery relies on the types of batteries that are used in the systems and the level of the battery discharge. the lead batteries can able discharge to the maximum of 50%. whereas lithium-ion batteries can able to discharge approximately80%. Try to replace the battery at least once during the lifestyle of the solar PV systems.

Increased Maintenance Of The Solar: The PV solar array is very easy to maintain including the battery system as it does increase the maintenance requirements. Though the maintenance mainly relies on o the basis of the type of battery that you are having. With deep-cycle lead-acid batteries, the levels of the water are needed to be periodically topped up in order to clean them. The water must be distilled water. Whereas the chemical batteries are very toxic so they should be maintained very carefully.

Guide For Choosing The Best Solar Batteries

It is very crucial to choose the best solar batteries in India on the basis of power, rating, and capacity. The capacity basically means how big your battery is but it does not mean the amount of energy that your batteries are able to produce in the day. Before choosing the right attery for you these are the few points that you should consider.

  1. Capasity Of The Battery: The capsity if the battery is the vital thing that you must consider itv befiore buying the solar battery as it means the overall efficiency of the battery. The dimension of the battery provides you qualified amount of stored energy which is measued by usin the Unit kilowatts hours. The average capasity of the solar batteries is lies in between 25-30KW hours per day. It is best to select the battery which has the maximum capasity of 25kWh.
  2. Depth Of The Discharge: The deepth of the discharge of the solar bateries is the variale which is used to measure the battery capasity which can be used for a longer run. This means that the DOD helps you to give you a structuer about how much the battery capasity can be used before potentially shortening the battery lifespan. So it is better to have a higher depth of the dept of the discharge.
  3. Round Trip Efficiency: Round trip of efficiency is also a great factor which you have to look before buying the solar battery. It is the difference between the amount of energy which is required for the battery to be charged substracted to the availability of the energy which is present in the battery. It is better to purchase the battery with the hegher amount ofthe rounf trip efficiency and it also provides you with much better opertional efficiency.
  4. Power: The power rating is very essential factors you should keep in mind before buying the solar batteries. This mainly shows the battery output capasity. The toatal amount of energy whichis produced by the solar batteries is signified by the unit KW or Kilowatts.
  5. Warrenty: The last factors that should be consider is the warrenty period of the solar batteries. This is also the principal factor as the solar battery is the one time investment and also make sure that you are well covered all kind of the manufactured defects which can be unforeseen down the line. You should always choose the solar batteries which have the minimum warrety period of 36 months or the 3 yeras. 5 yeras or more can even be better for you.

Which Type of Deep Cycle Solar Battery is Right For You

According to my recommendation, the Lithium-ion battery is best to use. This is the best battery If you want a long lifespan and affordable flexibility to expand your solar systems. The reason why you should choose this solar battery includes:

Lithium Batteries Are The Prime Storage Option: These batteries have a longer shelf life and can charge faster than other battery types. As they can able to grasp the deeper discharges and also need less amount of capacity.

Low Maintenance: One of the biggest advantages of lithium-ion batteries is that they do not need maintenance to run efficiently.

Performance And Longevity: These batteries provide high performance and are also ideal for high-power applications. They can able to deliver upto 3.6 Volts that is much more than the other batteries.

Versatile: Lithium-ion batteries are great for renewable energy in many applications. They are designed in such a way that they can be used to power portable devices and other high-power applications.

High Energy Density: These batteries have the highest energy density of about 100-265 Wh/kg which makes them charge faster, easier, and long-lasting.

Final Word About Best Solar Batteries In India

Solar power is the only part of the energy in addition to the solar power battery systems are manufactured in such a way that it provides the power during the day. And the extra energy is stored in the solar battery. The battery is the device that helps in storing the excess energy which is generated by the solar panels. These rechargeable solar batteries are very cost-effective and help in decreasing electrical bills without spoiling the environment.

Though they have many advantages but the big drawback of the solar battery is they increase the maintenance of the solar system and also the initial cost is very high but if you planning for a long then it can be a great investment for you.

There are various types of solar batteries present in the market and these are lead-acid batteries, Lithium-ion batteries, nickel-based batteries, flow batteries. Each of them has different efficiency and shelf life. So before installing you should have a good idea about them. AS there are many emerging solar companies who are producing the best solar batteries present In India.

Finally, I hope that this article has helped you out a lot. If you have any confusion or any question abi=out the solar battery systems and the solar panel systems then let me know in the comment section below. I will be glad to answer the questions.

FAQ’s On Best Solar Batteries In India

1. What are solar batteries?

Solar batteries are a device that helps in storing the excess amount of energy that is generated by the solar panels when the solar radiation hits on them.

2. What are the types of solar batteries?

The different types of solar batteries are:
1. Lead-acid batteries
2. Lithium-ion batteries
3. Nickel-based batteries
4. Flow batteries

3. How long do the solar batteries last For?

The home solar battery units last for 5- 15 years approximately.

4. Why should I buy a solar battery instead of a normal battery?

Solar batteries have many benefits as they help you decrease your electricity bills and also help in decreasing carbon emissions. Also, these batteries have material caps, pure spine and grid alloy, non-leaking vent plug, and high pressure die casting which make them more durable.

5. How many batteries are needed for solar power?

The average capacity of the solar battery needs 10 KW per hour in size. So if you want to install the solar battery then you need enough battery to cover the energy usage that the solar panels are not producing. So you need almost 2-3 batteries.

6. How long can a solar battery hold a charge?

On the basis of the types of solar batteries can able to hold a charge from 1 to 5 days.

7. What happens when solar batteries are full?

When the battery bank becomes full then it stops extracting the power from the solar systems. The solar panel will generate electricity but that electricity will not be stored until there is no space in the battery.

8. Can I leave a solar battery charger on all the time?

It is absolutely safe if you leave the battery charger on all time. It will not drain the battery and continuously charges by a small amount of charge one at a time.

9. How much power does a solar battery store?

The storage of the solar battery depends on the capacity of the battery so, the 12 volts 100 Ah battery will be able to store 100 Ah in it.

10. Can I increase or decrease the solar battery in a solar system as per my desire?

Absolutely no, You will unable to increase or decrease the solar battery in any solar system according to your choice. As each solar systems need its own requirements.